21 Şubat 2015 Cumartesi

Introduction to Turkish Legal System

Turkish Law is a part of continental law system. It is different from Anglo-Saxon Law. 


Turkish Law  was   a part of Islamic Law which has a source of Quran. After republican revolution Islamic Law is left. The republic preferred to have secular state system. 

According to the constitution of Turkish Republic, the state has three powers; legislation, execution and jurisdiction. 

Legislation means to make law. Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) makes law which has 550 members. Specialized committees help members to prepare law proposals. 

GNAT has independent parties. AKP leads a single party government. The head of opposition is CHP in the parliament. 

There are five years between elections. 

There are two positions in execution the president and the prime minister. President has also an import role during legislation. President is the last stop to pass a law. 

Prime minister is the head of government. The cabinet consist of ministers such as justice minister. 

Constitutional Court is the top court in Turkish Legal System. It has also judgment duty as Supreme Court which is a kind of criminal court for high rank officers of the state such as ministers. 

Court of appeal and Council of State are the other high courts.

Military Law is apart from civil courts and military court of cassation is high court for this branch.

Law system changes because of integration with EU. The preparation of legal system to EU cost 35.000 pages of law changes. 

After the first codification period between 1923 and 1930, the second codification period occurs since 2000s. 

To learn more about Turkish Law System and legal help and service you can contact us from aliemredesat@gmail.com 

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